Organic foods are produced without pesticides, chemical fertilizers, antibiotics, hormone injections, irradiation to kill bacteria, biotechnology and other such technologies that are used in conventional farming, used for cooking healthy recipes, and food growing methods in order to increase production and improve the food product. Organic foods are produced using natural farming or natural food growing methods and animal raising techniques. This means that the farmer or food grower allows nature to do her work on the food as they grow and do not interfere with it in the form of genetic mutation or engineering, which is what is done in Genetically Modified Foods.
To be clear, farmers have been modifying the genes of plants for centuries through selective breeding. This is the practice of growing only certain strain of seeds and cross-breeding plants to produce better crops that are resistant to pests, insects, droughts, fungus, and so on. Selective breeding is also used to produce larger produce, better looking and better-tasting foods.
In the case of GMO, short for Genetically Modified Organism, the term has come to mean genetically engineered organisms, i.e. plants that have been injected a specific gene so that it expresses a desired trait that is not otherwise natural to it. This means that a specific gene from a different species is introduced to a host organism (typically through injection) so that this organism expresses the desirable trait that was not genetically normal for its species.
While there are immense benefits of GMO and infinite possibilities of what can be done with the technology, there are also consequences both imminent and unforeseen. One of the concerns many have is how the consumption of GMO foods may alter the human genes and what the short and long-term effects they have on human health. GMO foods also alter the environment and can imbalance nature to catastrophic proportions. Organic foods have lower impact on the environment and better for human health because their production follows nature’s way.
GMO is a form of biotechnology that advances science and progress—the ability of humans to control nature and their destiny and gain more and more knowledge, although at the risk of millions of human lives as well as the destruction of the natural habitat of animals and plants, which is what organic production cares about.