Crackers are flat, small and crisp and come in round, square or triangular shapes typically with a salty flavor while cookies are sweet pastries with a crumbly texture and are often round in shape. Cookies are made similar to the way cake is made while crackers are made by layering dough. Crackers are often eaten with cheese or flavored with spices or stock. Some crackers have tiny holes in them called docking holes. The dough is filled with holes to keep large air pockets from forming as the crackers bake keeping them flat.
In healthy recipes, a cookie is like a small baked cake that can be crisp or soft and chewy and often sweetened. A cracker is thin and crisp flat bread that is usually unsweetened and can be salted or has a neutral flavor. The cracker is also often thinner than most cookies and has a characteristic crisp sound when you snap it into two. Cookies commonly have more shortening, oil or butter than crackers to give it a chewy texture.
The layered dough of crackers gives it that characteristic crunchy and delicate texture. When you break a cracker in two, you will see thin layers like wafers while cookies will have more like pores or a crumbly texture.
Both crackers and cookies are made from grain flour dough and can be made at home or bought commercially. Crackers are also sometimes referred to as savory biscuits, particularly in the United Kingdom. Flavorings and seasonings for crackers may include herbs, seeds, salt, or cheese, which can be sprinkled on top of the dough before baking or mixed in with the other ingredients to make the dough. Cookies, on the other hand, are typically flavored or seasoned with sugar, chocolate, peanut butter, vanilla, cinnamon, ginger, nuts, dried fruits, caramel, or toffee.
Crackers generally have lesser calories than cookies and are consumed as a snack or appetizer while cookies are often served as a dessert. Some forms of crackers are branded as a health food made with nutritious ingredients and cereal grain. Crackers can be enjoyed with dips, meat slices, liver pate, peanut butter, jam, fruit preserves, or peanut butter while cookies are often served with milk, coffee, or tea.